Wrinkles and stains are part of the effects of the passing of time. Aging is a biological process, which depends on several factors: the environment, genes, and lifestyle. Free radicals – produced by cellular or pollution factors, ultraviolet radiation or stress – are capable of damaging macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, and DNA, giving rise to some of these typical effects. Oxidative stress, free radicals and photo aging are all related to aging skin.
Wrinkles are skin grooves that are formed due to the reduction in the amount of collagen, a structural protein present in the skin: it acts as a protective structure, which is why skin loses elasticity and opalescence when the reserves are decreased. It is true that skin aging is a genetically determined process, but it can be slowed down and interventions can greatly improve the skin’s appearance using specific and anti-aging products with nutrient, moisturizing, antioxidant, polishing and restorative effects that can help eliminate the superficial layer of dead cells and help enhance collagen and elastin formation.
Stains on the other hand are darker skin areas characterised by hyperpigmentation. They usually appear after 40 years of age and are caused by exposure to sunlight. Products that counteract these aging events act by protecting the skin from external factors (such as solar radiation) or by supplementing the amount of antioxidant substances, helping to enhance the formation of collagen and elastin.
Specific creams are able to help align facial and neck skin complexion, helping to soften stains and delivering uniform colour through depigmentation effects and delicate exfoliations that help remove the skin’s superficial layers, helping to enhance cell renewal.